Education Vocabulary Words with Meaning: Essential Terms


Do you want to expand your lexicon with essential education vocabulary words? This post is perfect for you. It will help you learn a list of the essential education vocabulary words with meaning. You will learn over 40 education-related terms.

Education Vocabulary Words with Meaning

Here is a list of over 40 education-related terms. Over 40 vocabulary related to education with meaning:

education vocabulary words with meaning
  • Basic education

It refers to a variety of educational activities that take place in a variety of settings (formal, informal, and non-formal). These activities aim to meet basic learning needs like writing and reading.

  • Formal education

Formal education is the education that students receive in an educational institution using a programme. This kind of education leads to certification (diploma /certificate /degree).

  • Non-formal education

Non-formal education usually results from a programme, but it is not usually evaluated and learners don’t get a certificate. Specifically, The term non-formal education refers to adult literacy. This type of education is voluntary.

  • Informal education

Informal education refers to the learning that takes place outside the educational institution in the context of daily life and work. It is a lifelong process whereby people acquire knowledge, skills, and values from family, daily experience, the Internet, mass media, etc.

  • Compulsory education

A number of years or age span during which children are legally obliged to attend school.

  • Vocational education

Vocational education refers to the kind of education that prepares students for professions or careers.

  • Self-directed learning

Self-directed learning is a type of learning in which a learner plans, implements, and evaluates what he/she is learning without the help of anyone.

  • Adult education

It is the education for adults that is available outside the formal education system, for example at evening classes.

  • Adult literacy

Teaching adults who are illiterate skills like reading, writing, and arithmetic.

  • Primary school (in Britain)

A school for pupils between the ages of 5 and 11.

  • Elementary education

Elementary education is also called primary education. It is the first stage traditionally found in formal education, beginning at about age 5 to 7 and ending at about age 11 to 13.

In the United Kingdom and some other countries, the term primary is used instead of elementary. In the United States, the term primary customarily refers to only the first three years of elementary education—i.e., grades 1 to 3.

Elementary education is often preceded by some form of preschool for children aged 3 to 5 or 6 and is often followed by secondary education.

  • Secondary education

Education beyond the elementary grades; provided by a high school /a secondary school.

A school for students between the ages of about 6 and 12.

  • Secondary school

A school for young people between the ages of 11 and 16 or 18.

  • High school (in the US)

A school for young people between the ages of 14 and 18.

  • High school ( in Britain)

A school for young people between the ages of 11 and 18.

  • Tertiary education

Refers to education at the college or university level.

  • Public school (in England)

A private school for young people between the ages of 13 and 18, whose parents pay for their education. The students often live at the school while they are studying.

  • State school

A school that is paid for by the government and provides free education.

  • Private school

A school where the education of students is paid for by their parents. This type of school doesn’t receive any money from the government.

  • Vocational school

A school or institution where learners learn and develop skills that are necessary for particular jobs.

  • Course

A series of lectures or lessons on a particular subject, usually leading to an exam or qualification.

  • Textbook(US)

A book that teaches a particular subject and that is used especially in schools and colleges.

  • Coursebook(UK)

A book that is used regularly in a class for studying from.

  • Curriculum

The subjects that are included in a course of study or taught in an educational institution; a school, a college, or an institute.

  • Syllabus

A list of the topics, books, etc. that students have to study in a particular school subject or a particular subject at university.

  • Active learning

In this type of learning, students learn by doing things rather than sitting at their desks reading, listening to a teacher, or doing exercises inside or outside of school.

  • E-learning

It is a type of education and training that uses information technology such as computers and the Internet.

  • Freshman

A student in his or her first year at a university or college.

  • Sophomore

A student in the second year of a course of study at a college or university.

  • Junior

A third-year student at university or college.

  • Senior

A fourth-year student at college or university.

  • Graduate student

A student with a bachelor’s degree (e.g. BA, BSc)

  • Dropouts

Students who left school before completing basic education.

  • Lecturer

Somebody who teaches at a university or college.

  • Professor

A university teacher of the highest rank.

  • Tutor

A teacher who works with a student / a learner or a small group of students.

  • Educator

A person whose job is to teach or educate people.

  • Educationalist

A person who has a special knowledge of the principles and methods of teaching.

  • Degree

The qualification students obtain when they complete a college or university course successfully.

  •  Bachelor of Arts (= BA)

A first university degree in an arts or social sciences subject.

  • Bachelor’s degree

The first degree that students get when they study at the university for three or four years.

  • Bachelor of Science (= BSc)

A first university degree in science.

  • Higher degree

A degree taken after a first degree, at a more advanced level.

For example, a Master’s Degree ( = MA = Master of Arts), a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy) …

  • Literacy

The ability to read and write. Nowadays, a literate person is someone who can use a personal computer as well.

  • Seminar

A class at university or college when a teacher and a group of students meet so as to study and discuss something.

  • Lecture

A formal event at college or university where a larger group of students listen to a lecturer and take notes.

  • Library

A building where a collection of books, CDs, newspapers, etc. are kept for people to read, study or borrow.

  • Fees

The amount of money students pay to go to a private school, university, etc.

  • A student loan

The money that a student borrows from a bank while at university or college.

  • Scholarship

An amount of money paid by a school, university, etc. to a student who has a lot of ability, but not much money.

Education Vocabulary Words with Meaning: Verbs

education vocabulary words with meaning

10 Verbs Related to Education

Verbs related to educationMeaning
Learnto acquire knowledge, a skill, or an ability to do something.
Learn by heartto memorize, to commit to memory.
Studyto take a course or a number of courses on a particular subject.
Attendto go regularly to a school or university
Prepare for an exam/a test /a quizto review what you have already learned to get ready for an exam…
Take an exam/ a test/a quizto do an exam/ a test, a quiz.
Pass an exam/a test /a quiz to achieve a successful outcome from an exam…
Fail an exam/a test /a quiznot to succeed in an exam…
Resit an examto take an exam a second time.
Graduateto complete a university degree successfully.
Education Vocabulary Words with Meaning

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